Born in Oxford, England, in 1847, Hamilton Hamilton immigrated to the United States with his family. In 1870 he traveled to Europe and then to Paris to study art. Returning home in 1872, he was ready to pursue a painting career, opening a portrait studio and making trips to the American West. Some of his paintings from this period were selected for entry to the 1876 Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia.
Hamilton maintained a career painting in both Europe and the United States. He was especially acclaimed for his landscapes, to which he devoted much attention. He took up painting plein-air which was newly in vogue at the time, working in France with members of the Barbizon School, in England along the Cornish Coast, as well as diverse locations in the United States. With a studio in New York City, Hamilton was an integral part of the art scene there with friends who included William Merritt Chase, Winslow Homer and Thomas Moran. In 1889 he became a full member of the National Academy of Design. Hamilton died in 1928.